While electrolytic chlorine generators (ECGs) for residential pools have traditionally been sized by pool volume, ECGs for commercial pools take bather load into account. Commercial pools are highly regulated, and in order to maintain appropriate chlorine levels, it has proven necessary to know what kind of usage the pool receives. Is it a health club, where exercisers and children swim all day long, or is it a senior center, where members swim only occasionally?
Anticipating usage — and planning for the “worst case
scenario” — has made it relatively common to size
commercial units based on expected chlorine demand along with
volume. Residential units, on the other hand, can be more difficult
Sometimes new pool owners aren’t sure what their usage will
be. Traditionally, it has been easier for homeowners and builders
to assume average usage and size ECGs based on volume alone.
Gallons are relatively straightforward; usage often
But pools with oversized usage and undersized ECGs eventually
exhibit problems related to improper sanitation, including hazy
water, odors, algae, and even bather illness. An undersized ECG can
also lead to shortened cell life, since ECG life expectancy can be
decreased when units are overworked trying to maintain proper
For example, a unit may have a lifespan of seven years based upon a
run time of 12 hours per day during the season. If that unit must
run 24 hours per day to keep up with chlorine demand, it will last
between three and four years rather than the full seven.
It’s difficult to understand the extent of this problem
because we don’t know how many salt water pool sanitation
issues are correctly attributed to an improperly sized ECG. If a
pool owner has repeated issues with maintaining enough chlorine to
properly sanitize his pool, do pool professionals ask about ECG
size related to pool volume and usage? They may. But they may also
attribute the problem to other causes and recommend supplemental
chlorine shocks to solve the problem.
So, how can pool builders and retailers size ECGs with chlorine
demand as part of the equation?
Start by having a simple conversation with the pool owner. How many
swimmers will use the pool on a daily/weekly basis? Will small
children or frequent exercisers be using the pool? (Compared to
average swimmers, both tend to add more organics to the water,
increasing chlorine demand.) Will pets have an occasional swim?
(While not recommended for a variety of reasons, many homeowners
still let pets enjoy their pools.) This will start the process of
determining whether a pool has a light, medium or heavy chlorine
Then, review other factors that tend to drive up chlorine demand.
Are there flowering trees, plants or other vegetation surrounding
the pool? Are fertilizers or pesticides used near the pool
regularly? Does the climate include unusually warm weather or
regular heavy rains? How many hours does the pump run each day?
Does the source water contain organic material or added chloramines
for sanitation? As one can see, many factors can influence any
given pool’s chlorine demand.
These types of questions can help you determine whether a pool will
have light, medium or heavy demand during the season. Generally
speaking, pools with light demand can stick close to an ECG size
based upon gallons (i.e., a 20,000-gallon ECG for a 20,000-gallon
pool). Pools with medium demand will need 1.5 times the size (a
30,000-gallon ECG for a 20,000-gallon pool). And pools with heavy
demand will require double the size (a 40,000-gallon ECG for a 20,000-gallon
It’s important to note that these sizing recommendations
assume that the pump is running for at least eight hours per day
— the minimum recommended run time. Pump run time is an
important consideration for sizing ECG units. If the pump will run
for shorter periods, an ECG with higher chlorine output should be
When in doubt, don’t be afraid to oversize the ECG. While it
may cost more for the pool owner initially, that cost will be more
than offset by the benefits in water quality and the extended
lifespan of the ECG.
If the ECG is sized correctly, it will produce and maintain at
least one part per million of free chlorine. (One to four parts per
million is the recommended range for salt water pools.) The amount
of free chlorine available can be easily tested and measured to
ensure equipment is sized appropriately.
Sizing ECGs based on gallons is a fairly straightforward task.
Taking usage-related chlorine demand and pump run time into account
adds a level of complexity to the equation. However, customers will
have better results in the long run if we take the time to factor
in pool usage and other chlorine demand factors, which leads to
loyal customers, word-of-mouth referrals, and a positive presence
in the marketplace.