Efflorescence

Coloration
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Coloration

A successful project uses realistic staining, shadow and highlights to convey a... More

Scale and Encrustation
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Scale and Encrustation

In practical terms, there isn’t much difference between scale and encrustation —... More

Strange Stains
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Strange Stains

Though many stains fall into similar categories, some are so odd that they almost... More

Calcium Phosphate Scale
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Calcium Phosphate Scale

Though calcium phosphate scale is a newly discovered problem for the swimming pool... More

Saturation Calculation
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Saturation Calculation

Whether the job involves starting up a brand-new plaster pool or maintaining... More

The Long Haul
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The Long Haul

Gary Gripp’s story begins like so many others. More

Borate Chemistry
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Borate Chemistry

Borates are found throughout nature, and are refined for a variety of diverse... More

Everyone on Deck
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Everyone on Deck

Often, a deck is the most visible part of the backyard, so you don’t want to... More

Perfect Balance
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Perfect Balance

Since the 1960s, the pool industry has relied on the Langelier Saturation Index to... More

Diligent maintenance can help service techs prevent scale and calcium buildup in spas.
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Diligent maintenance can help service techs prevent scale and calcium buildup in spas.

It typically appears when calcium attaches to carbonate in the water and grows... More

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